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Role of HRM


1. Advisory Role: HRM advises management on the solutions to any problems affecting people, personnel policies and procedures.
(a) Personnel Policies: Organization Structure, Social Responsibility, Employment Terms & Conditions, Compensation, Career & Promotion, Training & Development and Industrial Relations.
(b) Personnel Procedures: Relating to manpower planning procedures, recruitment and selection procedures, and employment procedures, training procedures, management development procedures, performance appraisal procedures, compensation procedures, industrial relations procedures and health and safety procedures.

2. Functional Role: The personnel function formulates personnel policies in accordance with the company’s doctrine and management guidelines. It provides guidance to managers to help them ensure that agreed policies are implemented.

3. Service Role: Personnel function provides personnel services. These services constitute the main activities carried out by personnel department, like payroll, disciplinary actions, etc, and involve the implementation of the policies and procedures described above.



1. Humanitarian Role: Reminding moral and ethical obligations to employees.
2. Counsellor: Consultations to employees about marital, health, mental, physical and career problems.
3. Mediator: Playing the role of a peacemaker during disputes, conflicts between individuals and groups or management.
4. Spokesman: To represent the company in Media and other forums because he has better overall picture of his company’s operations.
5. Problem Solver: Solving problems of overall human resource management and long-term organizational planning.
6. Change Agent: Introducing and implementing institutional changes and installing organizational development programs
7. Management of Manpower Resources: Broadly concerned with leadership both in the group and individual relationships and labour-management relations.



1. Planning: Research and plan about wage trends, labour market conditions, union demands and other personnel benefits. Forecasting manpower needs etc.
2. Organizing: Organizing manpower for the achievement of organizational goals and objectives.
3. Staffing: Recruitment & Selection
4. Directing: Issuance of orders and instructions, providing guidance and motivation to managers and employees.
5. Controlling: Regulating personnel activities and policies according to plans. Observations and comparisons of deviations



1. Procurement: Planning, Recruitment and Selection, Induction and Placement
2. Development: Training, Development, Career planning and counselling.
3. Compensation: Wage and Salary determination and administration
4. Integration: Integration of human resources with organization.
5. Maintenance: Sustaining and improving working conditions, retentions, employee communication
6. Separations: Managing separations caused by resignations, terminations, lay offs, death, medical sickness etc.


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